Fat-soluble And Water-soluble Vitamins

Vitamins are either fat-soluble or water-soluble.

Fat-soluble vitamins

Fat-soluble vitamins are stored in the fatty tissues of the body and the liver. Vitamins A, D, E, and K are fat-soluble. These are easier to store than water-soluble vitamins, and they can stay in the body as reserves for days, and sometimes months.

Fat-soluble vitamins are absorbed through the intestinal tract with the help of fats, or lipids.

The_Fat-Soluble_Vitamins_A_D_E_and_K-732x549-thumbnail.jpg

Water-soluble vitamins

Water-soluble vitamins do not stay in the body for long. The body cannot store them, and they are soon excreted in urine. Because of this, water-soluble vitamins need to be replaced more often than fat-soluble ones.

Vitamin C and all the B vitamins are water soluble.

Types

Here are the different types of vitamins.

Vitamin A

Chemical names: Retinol, retinal, and four carotenoids, including beta carotene.

It is fat soluble.

Deficiency may cause night-blindness and keratomalacia, an eye disorder that results in a dry cornea.

Good sources include: Liver, cod liver oil, carrots, broccoli, sweet potato, butter, kale, spinach, pumpkin, collard greens, some cheeses, egg, apricot, cantaloupe melon, and milk.

Vitamin B

Chemical name: thiamine.

It is water soluble.

Deficiency may cause beriberi and Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome.

Good sources include: yeast, pork, cereal grains, sunflower seeds, brown rice, whole-grain rye, asparagus, kale, cauliflower, potatoes, oranges, liver, and eggs.