E418 Gellan Gum Safety

Gellan gum appears in the USP/NF (first Supple-ment April 1, 2004 USP 27/NF 22).


Gellan gum is an approved FDA food additive as per 21 CFR 172.665. Gellan gum appears as E418 in the European Community Directive EC/95/2 in Annex 1. Gellan gum is listed in the Food Chemicals Codex, Canada Food and Drug Act (Division 16, Table IV, G.2), Japanese Specifications and Standards for Food Additives (JSSFA).

Both the Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives (JECFA) and the European Community Scientific Committee for Food have given gellan gum an Acceptable Daily Intake (ADI) of “not specified”. Meaning toxicity at any amount has not been reported. Excessive intake may cause side effects like abdominal bloating, excessive gas (flatulence), loose stools or diarrhea.